MCS · TILT

Dr. Anne Steinemann Publications on Fragrance

“Dr. Anne C. Steinemann is an internationally recognized expert on pollutant exposures and associated health effects, including topics of indoor air quality, consumer product testing and evaluation, exposure assessment, and healthy homes and communities. She is currently Professor of Civil Engineering, and Chair of Sustainable Cities, at the University of Melbourne, Australia. She was previously Program Manager at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, U.C. San Diego, and Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Professor of Public Affairs at the University of Washington. She was also a professor at the Georgia Institute of Technology, and a visiting professor at Stanford University, Florida Institute of Technology, and Linköping University in Sweden. Dr. Steinemann received her Ph.D. in Civil and Environmental Engineering from Stanford University.

Dr. Steinemann advises numerous governments, industries, and organizations on issues of environmental pollutants, public health, and water management, and has directed major federally funded research programs. Her work has been used to change practices and policies across the country, and formed the basis of federal and state legislation. In her public service, she has investigated more than 200 sick buildings to identify pollutant sources, reduce exposures, and improve people’s health.” Source

Publications:

International prevalence of chemical sensitivity and fragrance sensitivity.
Across four countries (United States, Australia, United Kingdom, Sweden), 19.9% of the general population report chemical sensitivity, 7.4% report medically diagnosed MCS, and 32.2% report fragrance sensitivity (i.e., health problems from fragranced consumer products). For individuals with asthma or with autism, the prevalences are several times higher. (See Table 1 of the paper.)
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11869-019-00672-1

Emissions from dryer vents during use of fragrance and fragrance-free products
Switching from fragranced to fragrance-free laundry products significantly reduced emissions of limonene (an irritant that can generate hazardous air pollutants such as formaldehyde).
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11869-018-0643-8

Asthma and effects from fragranced products.
Among Americans with asthma/asthma-like conditions, 64.3% report health problems, such as breathing difficulties, when exposed to fragranced consumer products such as air fresheners.
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11869-017-0536-2

Autism and effects from fragranced products.
Among individuals with autism/ASDs, 83.7% report health problems, such as migraine headaches, when exposed to fragranced consumer products such as air fresheners.
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11869-018-0625-x

Emissions from essential oils (both regular and organic).
All essential oils tested emitted chemicals classified as hazardous (such as toluene), with no significant difference between the regular and “organic” essential oils.  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11869-018-0606-0

Emissions from fragranced baby products (both regular and organic).
All baby products tested emitted chemicals classified as hazardous, with no significant difference between the regular and “organic” fragranced baby products.
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11869-018-0593-1

Article on the Prevalence of Multiple Chemical Sensitivities in the US
Steinemann A 2018. National Prevalence and Effects of Multiple Chemical Sensitivities
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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Article on Fragranced Products and Health Effects on Asthmatics in the US
Steinemann A 2017. Fragranced Consumer Products: Effects on Asthmatics
Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health
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Article on Fragranced Products and Health Effects in the UK Population
Steinemann A 2018. Fragranced Consumer Products:
Sources of Emissions, Exposures, and Health Effects in the United Kingdom
Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health
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Obtain a Copy of the Article (accepted pre-publication version)

Article on Fragranced Products and Health Effects in the Australian Population
Steinemann A 2017. Health and Societal Effects from Fragranced Consumer Products.
Preventive Medicine Reports 5:45-47.
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Media Release

Article on Fragranced Products and Health Effects in the American Population
Steinemann A 2016. Fragranced Consumer Products: Exposures and Effects from Emissions.
Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health 9(8):861-866.
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Media Release

Article on Volatile Emissions from Fragranced, Fragrance-Free, Green, and Regular Consumer Products
Steinemann A 2015. Volatile Emissions from Common Consumer Products
Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health 8(3):273-281.
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Obtain a Copy of the Article (accepted pre-publication version)
Media Release

Article on Air Fresheners and Indoor Air Quality
Steinemann A 2017. Ten Questions Concerning Air Fresheners and Indoor Built Environments.
Building and Environment 111:279-284.
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Article on Green Buildings and Indoor Air Quality
Steinemann A et al. 2017. Ten Questions Concerning Green Buildings and Indoor Air Quality.
Building and Environment 112:351-358.
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Article on Dryer Vent Emissions
Steinemann AC et al. 2013. Chemical Emissions from Residential Dryer Vents During Use of Fragranced Laundry Products.
Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health 6(1):151-156.
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Obtain a Copy of the Article (accepted pre-publication version)
Media Release

Article on Fragranced Product Chemicals and Ingredients
Steinemann AC et al. 2011. Fragranced Consumer Products: Chemicals Emitted, Ingredients Unlisted.
Environmental Impact Assessment Review 31(3): 328–333, 2011.
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Obtain a Copy of the Article (accepted pre-publication version)
Media Release

Article on Undisclosed Ingredients in Fragranced Consumer Products
Steinemann AC 2009. Fragranced Consumer Products and Undisclosed Ingredients.
Environmental Impact Assessment Review 29(1):32-38.

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Obtain a Copy of the Article (accepted pre-publication version)

Media Release

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